Evidence-Based Mental Health

The WVU Department of Behavioral Medicine and Psychiatry is developing an evidence-based program with three goals:

  1. WVU Medical Librarians will round with our mental health teams to answer clinical questions by researching the most up-to-date evidence-based medical literature.
  2. WVU faculty and residents will study how to research evidence-based literature and how to perform systematic reviews of available studies, analyzing the results, strengths and weaknesses of the collated studies.
  3. WVU Medical Librarians will work together with our mental health faculty, residents, and interns to provide online evidence-based answers for West Virginia Mental Health and Primary-Care clinicians.

We shall use the standard "PICO" framework for proposing questions.

  • Patient or Population (How do you describe your patient or patient group: age, gender, condition, etc.)
  • Intervention or Indicator (In which intervention or indicator such as therapy, diagnostic test or exposure are you interested?
  • Comparison or Control (With which alternative or different option do you want to compare your intervention?)
  • Outcome (In which measurable outcome/s are you interested ?)


  • Patients: children with depression
  • Intervention: SSRI antidepressant
  • Comparison: children not on SSRI antidepressants
  • Outcome: levels of suicide

We are presently preparing online forms for West Virginia clinicians to use in asking for evidence-based answers.