• Patient or Population: All patients
  • Intervention or Indicator: Education of patients and assessing patients' understanding of the importance of compliance prior to discharge
  • Comparison or Control: Assessing groups of patients where health care workers work to increase compliance and understanding of diagnoses and treatments
  • Outcome: Increasing compliance and understanding of diagnoses and treatments improves health

First article is a comment to the second article

1: Mayo Clin Proc. 2005 Aug;80(8):983-7.

Patients' Understanding of and Compliance With Medications: The Sixth Vital Sign?

Full Text

Abstract: Focuses on patients' understanding and compliance with medications. Discussion on the lack of physician communication; Information on the concerns of patients; Need to create awareness among patients and public on the importance of compliance; Reasons for noncompliance among the patients.

Comment on:

1: Mayo Clin Proc. 2005 Aug;80(8):991-4.

Second article
Patients' understanding of their treatment plans and diagnosis at discharge.
Makaryus AN, Friedman EA.
Department of Medicine, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY, USA.
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether patients at discharge from a municipal teaching hospital knew their discharge diagnoses, treatment plan (names and purpose of their medications), and common side effects of prescribed medications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From July to October 1999, we surveyed 47 consecutive patients at discharge from the medical service of a municipal teaching hospital in New York City (Brooklyn, NY). Patients were asked to state either the trade or the generic name(s) of their medication(s), their purpose, and the major side effect(s), as well as their discharge diagnoses. Patients were excluded if they were not oriented to person, place, and time, were unaware of the circumstances surrounding their admission to the hospital, and/or did not speak or understand English. RESULTS: Of the 47 patients surveyed, 4 were excluded. Of the remaining 43 patients, 12 (27.9%) were able to list all their medications, 16 (37.2%) were able to recount the purpose of all their medications, 6 (14.0%) were able to state the common side effect(s) of all their medications, and 18 (41.9%) were able to state their diagnosis or diagnoses. The mean number of medications prescribed at discharge was 3.89. CONCLUSIONS: Less than half of our study patients were able to list their diagnoses, the name(s) of their medication(s), their purpose, or the major side effect(s). Lacking awareness of these factors affects a patient's ability to comply fully with discharge treatment plans. Whether lack of communication between physician and patient is actually the cause of patient unawareness of discharge Instructions or if this even affects patient outcome requires further study.
PMID: 16092576 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Patients' understanding of and compliance with medications: the sixth vital sign?

Rosenow EC 3rd.

Publication Types:

  • Comment
  • Editorial

    PMID: 16092574 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]