Medical Students

The Department of Urology is very active in medical student teaching. First-year students are taught about relationship between basic science of the GU system and clinical disease states. Numerous research opportunities are available with the Department for first-year students during their summer vacation. In the second year curriculum, urology faculty will provide clinical lectures on the Urologic History and Physical Examination. In addition, a clinical practicum on the urologic examination is provided during our regularly scheduled clinics. Each student has the opportunity to work one-on-one with a urology faculty member for a clinic session. In the third year, urology students receive 2 hours of lecture in General Urologic Principles during the Surgery Clerkship. In addition, students can spend a 2-week selective with our Division during this clerkship. In the fourth year, students can select from 3 Department electives. For more information and to schedule an elective, please contact Student Services, Scheduling Coordinator in the School of Medicine at 304-293-2408. A full description of each elective is provided below.

Geriatric Urology, Neurology and Voiding Dysfunction

Location: Ruby Memorial Hospital of the WVU Hospitals, Inc.
Morgantown, West Virginia
Preceptor: Stanley Zaslau, M.D.
Number of Students: 1 per rotation block
Duration: ½ month minimum
Offered: Continuously
Status: This rotation fulfills a senior year requirement for an elective rotation.

Objectives

This elective is designed to provide students with an overview of geriatric urology, neurourology, and voiding dysfunction. Students interested in pursuing the following disciplines might be particularly interested in this rotation: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Neurology, Internal Medicine, Geriatric Medicine, Family Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine.

Students will gain competence in evaluation of the male and female urogenital system; learn the important diagnostic steps in urologic evaluation; learn to formulate a pertinent differential diagnosis and treatment plan for patients with voiding dysfunction, including but not limited to benign prostatic hyperplasia, spinal cord injury, urge and stress urinary incontinence, detrusor hypocontractile states; obtain exposure to complex urodynamic evaluation of the neurogenic bladder; obtain exposure to various nonsurgical and surgical modalities used in management of neurogenic bladder including sacral neuromodulation.

Methods to Achieve Objectives

Students will function as the primary physician for selected in-patients and out-patients on the urology service who have neurogenic bladder and voiding dysfunction. They will be supervised by urology residents and faculty. They will evaluate out-patients, in-patients, and consultations as appropriate. They will interview patients, perform physical examinations, formulate differential diagnosis and treatment plans, and commensurate with their knowledge base and skill level. In addition, they will learn preoperative and postoperative care and assist with urologic surgery. They will receive intensive individualized instruction in the performance and interpretation of urodynamic studies. They also may have the opportunity to observe and participate in the care of patients at affiliate institutions, such as HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital, with our staff members.

Examination Procedures and Evaluation Criteria

The following topic areas will be reviewed by the student and faculty during the rotation:

  • Pathophysiology and Classification of Voiding Dysfunction
  • Neurogenic voiding dysfunction: stroke, multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, diabetic cystopathy, lumbar disc disease
  • Female voiding dysfunction: stress incontinence and urinary retention
  • Male voiding dysfunction: bladder outlet obstruction and post-prostatectomy incontinence
  • Clinical pharmacology
  • Treatment of detrusor instability: electrostimulation and augmentation cystoplasty

Students are evaluated by demonstrating proficiency in the above-mentioned subject areas, as evidenced by a thorough understanding of the material through informal one-to-one conferences with the attending faculty. They also will be evaluated on their ability to formulate a differential diagnosis and treatment plan, and their ability to deliver effective patient care.

On the First Day of the Rotation, Report To: 2 West Surgery Physician Lounge, second floor hospital tower at 6:30 AM. 

Urology Research

Location: Ruby Memorial Hospital of the WVU Hospitals, Inc.
Morgantown, West Virginia
Preceptor: Stanley Zaslau, M.D.
Number of Students: 1 per rotation block
Duration: 1 month minimum
Offered: Continuously
Status: This rotation fulfills a senior year requirement for an elective rotation.

Objectives

To gain competence in hypothesis generation, implementation, and reporting of basic and clinical urologic research, students will be assigned a basic and clinical project they will carry out under the guidance of department faculty members; each project is meant to be worthy of presentation and/or publication on the regional and/or national arenas; they will receive limited urologic clinical experiences with the department that include attendance at department rounds, conferences, and research meetings.

This rotation is specifically aimed toward students with an interest in pursuing a career in urology. It is best positioned after completion of a one-month clinical elective with our department. This additional month allows the student the opportunity to initiate, collaborate, and complete a small research project with our full-time faculty members. The project will involve preparation of one of the following: prospective or retrospective chart review, case-series, review article, or several case reports. The project selected by the student and faculty member will be such that it should be able to be completed by the conclusion of the rotation. Projects are specifically selected that should allow publication or presentation at a national meeting within several months of the undertaking. This is maximally beneficial to students in the application process for urology residency, as this participation will enhance their Curriculum Vitae before the interview process.

Students also will have the opportunity to observe and participate in laboratory research under the auspices of department full-time faculty members and our ancillary departments (pathology, cellular biology, and microbiology).

Methods of Achieve Objectives

Students will function as an independent, yet dependent researcher on a project (s) under the auspices of department faculty members. They will formulate a project and carry it to completion during their rotation with the department. We realize that some projects take longer than the designated time to complete and often can carry out the project for the student, as necessary. They will attend and present their work in our monthly research conference. Additional opportunities to present research on a national level is encouraged and supported by the department.

Examination Procedures and Evaluation Criteria

Students will be assigned specific readings on core topics in general urology as they relate to their proposed research project. Informal lectures on basic research topics will occur during the rotation.

Students are evaluated by demonstrating proficiency in the following areas: knowledge base, successful development of hypothesis, depth of literature review, status of project, and interaction with faculty and staff members.

On the First Day of the Rotation, Report To: 2 West Surgery Physician Lounge, second floor hospital tower at 6:30 AM. 

Clinical Urology

Location: Ruby Memorial Hospital of the WVU Hospitals, Inc.
Morgantown, West Virginia
Preceptor: Stanley Zaslau, M.D.
Number of Students: 1 per rotation block
Duration: ½ month minimum
Offered: Continuously
Status: This rotation fulfills a senior year requirement for a surgery rotation.

Objectives

To gain competence in evaluation of the male and female urogenital system; learn the important diagnostic steps in urologic evaluation; formulate a pertinent differential diagnosis and treatment plan for common urologic conditions; and obtain exposure to basic urologic research including: case reports, review articles, as well as prospective and retrospective chart reviews.

Methods to Achieve Objectives

Students will function as the primary physician for selected in-patients and out-patients on the urology service. They will be supervised by urology residents and faculty. They will evaluate out-patients, in-patients, and consultations as appropriate. They will interview patients, perform physical examinations, and formulate differential diagnosis and treatment plans commensurate with their knowledge base and skill level. In addition, they will learn preoperative and postoperative care and assist with urologic surgery.

Examination Procedures and Evaluation Criteria

Students will read about, and have informal lectures by faculty, in the following areas: benign prostatic hyperplasia, erectile dysfunction, incontinence, genitourinary trauma, calculus disease, genitourinary oncology, and pediatric urology. Involvement in on-going department research projects is strongly encouraged.

Students are evaluated by demonstrating proficiency in the following areas: knowledge base, physical diagnosis skills, ability to formulate a differential diagnosis and treatment plan, basic surgical skills, and ability to deliver effective patient care.

On the First Day of the Rotation, Report To: 2 West Surgery Physician Lounge, second floor hospital tower at 6:30 AM.