Medical Knowledge

  • Residents demonstrate an investigative and analytical thinking approach to clinical situations, including:
    • Development of reasonable and complete differential diagnoses for bone marrows and lymph nodes based on the available clinical information, laboratory tests, and current published information.
    • As part of their workup of cases, suggest appropriate additional testing (special stains, immunohistochemical studies, and further clinical testing such as cytogenetics, etc.) if applicable.
    • Formulation in a comprehensive, cohesive, and coherent fashion the above differential diagnoses and discussion of pathologic findings in the final pathology report.
    • Are encouraged to participate in at least one research project, such as clinicopathologic studies, or case reports with literature review.
  • Discuss the basic and clinically supportive sciences which are appropriate to the specialty of clinical pathology, including:
    • Discuss epidemiology of various infections and neoplastic diseases during discussion of clinical pathology cases, and use of such knowledge to formulate pathologic diagnoses.
    • Compare the clinical presentations and manifestations of various diseases during discussion and workup of anemias, coagulopathies, and other hematologic disorders and use this knowledge to formulate pathologic diagnoses.
    • Explain basic cytochemical and immunologic stains, including biochemical and immunologic principles, methods, and applications.
    • Explain human morphology and physiology during discussions with clinicians.


  • Rotation evaluation
  • Hematology score for the in-service examination compared to national means