Medical Knowledge

Residents demonstrate an investigative and analytical thinking approach to clinical situations, including:

  • Development of reasonable and complete differential diagnoses for peripheral smear, fluid and coagulation cases based on the available clinical information, laboratory tests, and current published information.
  • As part of their workup of cases, they suggest appropriate additional testing (special stains, immunohistochemical studies, flow cytometry, and further clinical testing such as serology, etc.) if applicable.
  • Formulation in a comprehensive, cohesive, and coherent fashion the above differential diagnoses and discussion of pathologic findings in the final pathology report.
  • Are encouraged to participate in at least one research project, such as clinicopathologic studies, or case reports with literature review.

Residents discuss and apply the basic and clinically supportive sciences which are appropriate to the specialty of clinical pathology, including:

  • Describe of epidemiology of various infections and neoplastic diseases during discussion of clinical pathology cases, and use of such knowledge to formulate pathologic diagnoses.
  • Discuss clinical presentations and manifestations of various diseases during discussion and workup of anemias, coagulopathies, and other hematologic disorders and use this knowledge to formulate pathologic diagnoses.
  • Explain basic cytochemical and immunologic stains, including biochemical and immunologic principles, methods, and applications.
  • Discuss the principles and practices of automated hematology testing.
  • Explain human morphology and physiology during discussions with clinicians.


  • Rotation evaluation
  • Hematology score for the in-service examination compared to national means