Resident Scholarly Activity




  • Cochlear Implant Salvage in Case of Grounding Wire Extrusion.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  Sep, 2022.  PMID 36168680  Dr. John Behnke, Dr. Adrian Williamson
  • Publication:  Sleep Endoscopy Findings in Children With Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Small Tonsils.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  Aug 2022.  PMID 34528454.  Dr. Adrian Williamson
  • Botulinum toxin A for the treatment of first bite syndrome-a systematic review.  Gland Surg.  Jul, 2022.  PMID 35935568  Dr. Noah Shaikh, John Behnke



  • Factors Associated With a Prolonged Diagnosis-to-Treatment Interval in Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  Jun 2022.  PMID 35380886  Dr. Noah Shaikh
  • Development of a Decision Aid for Parents Who Elect Tonsillectomy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  Jun, 2022.  PMID 34362262  Dr. Adrian Williamson
  • Quality of Life Measurement for Adolescent Patients with Sinonasal Symptoms.  Laryngoscope.  May 2022.  PMID 35638256  Dr. Parker Tumlin
  • Outcome of immunoglobulin replacement therapy in children with rhinosinusitis.  Int Forum Allergy Rhinol.  May 2022.  PMID 34699128  Dr. John Behnke
  • Base of Tongue Surgery and Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  Apr 2022   PMID 35439065.  Dr. Adrian Williamson, Dr. Erica McArdle
  • Late Retropharyngeal and Parapharyngeal Abscess in Patients with a History of Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  Apr 2022.  PMID 35450429  Dr. Adrian Williamson
  • Development and Validation of Machine Learning Models for Predicting Occult Nodal Metastasis in Early-Stage Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma.  JAMA Netw Open.  Apr, 2022.  PMID 35416990  Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • Outcome of Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy in Adults With Rhinosinusitis.  Laryngoscope.  Apr 2022  PMID 34146351  Dr. John Behnke
  • Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator Failure from Electromagnetic Interference with Effective Lead Crossover.  Ear Nose Throat J.  Mar 2022.  PMID35321584  Dr. Noah Shaikh, Dr. Moaz Sinan
  • Endoscopic Marsupialization of a Nasopharyngeal Branchial Cleft Cyst Using a Drug-Eluting Stent.  Ear Nose Throat J.  Mar 2022.  PMID 3284105  Dr. Erica Haught (McArdle), Dr. Levi Stevens
  • Complications of primary pediatric endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis: A 25-year single surgeon experience.  Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol.  Mar 2022  PMID 35734063  Dr. Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • Does length of time between cases affect resident operative time for tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy?  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.  Mar, 2022.  PMID 35038673  Dr. Noah Shaikh, Dr. Parker Tumlin, Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • Depression and Intolerance of Uncertainty: Association with Decisional Conflict in Otolaryngology Patients.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  Mar, 2022.  PMID 34041923  Dr. Maxwell Newby
  • Effects of Soft Tissue Sleep Surgery on Morbidly Obese Patients.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  Feb 2022.  PMID 35227070  Dr. Noah Shaikh, Dr. Parker Tumlin, Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • Differential Outcomes Among Survivors of Head and Neck Cancer Belonging to Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups.  JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  Feb, 2022.  PMID 34940784  Dr. Mustafa Bulbl
  • Minimally invasive treatment of laryngoceles: a systematic review and pooled analysis.  J Robot Surg.  Feb 2022.  PMID 33646512  Dr. Erica Haught (McArdle)
  • Variables predictive of surgical outcomes after hyoid myotomy with suspension to thyroid cartilage.  Am J Otolaryngol.  Jan-Feb 2022.  PMID 34717113  Dr. Noah Shaikh, Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • Salvage surgery for recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: Systematic review and meta-analysis.  Head Neck.  Jan, 2022.  Mustafa Bulbul
  • Outcomes of Endolymphatic Sac Surgery for Meniere's Disease with and without Comorbid Migraine.  Int J Otolaryngol.  Dec, 2021  PMID 34976068  Dr. Norman Orabi, Dr. Christopher Roberts
  • Endoscopic-Assisted Resection of a Novel Nasopharyngeal Hairy Polyp and Odontoma in an Infant.  Ear Nose Throat J.  Dec, 2021  PMID 34894791  Dr. Christopher Roberts
  • Prediction of Speech, Swallowing, and Quality of Life in Oral Cavity Cancer Patients: A Pilot Study.  Laryngoscope.  Nov, 2021.  PMID 33881173  Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • The utility of intra-oral ultrasound in improving deep margin clearance of oral tongue cancer resections.  Oral Oncol.  Nov, 2021.  PMID 34564016  Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • Intra-population differences of apolipoproteins in the aqueous humor.  Lipids Health Dis.  Oct, 2021.  PMID 34602085  Dr. Garrett Jones
  • Case series of vestibular schwannoma patients with no asymmetry in hearing.  Am J Otolaryngol.  Sep-Oct 2021.  PMID 33857780  Dr. Erica Haught (McArdle)
  • Anterior Glottic Web Secondary to Bioenzyme Toxicity.  Ear Nose Throat J.  Sep 2021.  PMID 34553632  Dr. Noah Shaikh
  • Assessment of Pediatric Middle Ear Effusions With Wideband Tympanometry.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  Sep 2021  PMID 33290173  Dr. Maxwell Newby
  • Treatment Outcomes for Osteoradionecrosis of the Central Skull Base: A Systematic Review.  J Neurol Surg B Skull Base.  Aug 2021  PMID 3583234.  Dr. Noah Shaikh
  • Intraoperative Indocyanine Green Angiography for Assessing Flap Perfusion in Skull Base Reconstruction: A Systematic Review.  J Neurol Surg B Skull Base.  Jul, 2021.  PMID 35832991  Dr. Noah Shaikh



  • Endoscopic Endonasal Orbital Apex Decompression for Carotid Cavernous Fistula.  Ear Nose Throat J.  Jun 2021.  PMID 34191645  Dr. Noah Shaikh
  • Antibody deficiencies are more common in adult versus pediatric recurrent acute rhinosinusitis.  Am J Otolaryngol.  Mar, 2021.  PMID 33812207  Dr. Phillip Purnell
  • Pediatric Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy: Technique and Scoring System.  Cureus.  Oct, 2020.  PMID 33154838  Dr. Adrian Williamson
  • Surgical Intervention for Laryngomalacia: Age-Related Differences in Postoperative Sequelae.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  Sept, 2020.  PMID 32468827  Dr. Adrian Williamson
  • A Case of Pediatric Aspiration of a Metallic Spring.  Cureus.  Aug, 2020.  PMID 32983687  Dr. Levi Stevens
  • Decision quality among parents who are offered ventilation tube insertion for their children.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol  August, 2020  PMID 32126799  Dr. Maxwell Newby
  • Transoral Chondrolaryngoplasty: Scarless Reduction of the Adam's Apple.  Oto Open.  Jul, 2020.  PMID 32704609  Dr. Phillip Purnell
  • Comparison of Intraoperative Sonography and Histopathologic Evaluation of Tumor Thickness and Depth of Invasion in Oral Tongue Cancer: A Pilot Study.  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol.  Jul, 2020.  PMID 32554422  Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • Endoscopic endonasal CSF rhinorrhea repair in children: Systematic review with meta-analysis.  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.  July, 2020.  PMID 32320837  Dr. Habib Zalzal



  • Foreign Body Aspiration Presenting as Pneumothorax in a Child.  Cureus.  May, 2020.  PMID 32550077  Dr. Maxwell Newby
  • Embolization of a Superior Thyroid Artery Hemorrhage after Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of a Thyroid Nodule.  Case Rep Otolaryngol.  April, 2020.  PMID 32318303  Dr. Maxwell Newby
  • Lateral cervical abscesses: NSQIP-P perspective on length of stay, readmission, and reoperation.  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.  April, 2020  PMID 31981920  Dr. Christopher Roberts
  • Understanding approaches to measurement and impact of depth of invasion of oral cavity cancers: A survey of American Head and Neck Society Membership.  Oral Oncol.  Dec, 2019.  PMID 31678765  Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • Eustachian Tube Foreign Body with Endoscopic-Assisted Surgical Removal.  Case Rep Otolaryngol.  Dec, 2019.  PMID 31956459  Dr. Phillip Purnell, Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Outcomes and prognostic factors in parotid gland malignancies: A 10-year single center experience.  Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol.  Nov, 2019.  PMID 31890881  Dr. Mustafa Bulbul
  • Postoperative Bleeding Associated with Ibuprofen Use after Tonsillectomy: A Meta-Analysis.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  June, 2019   PMID:31159669.  Dr. Williams Stokes
  • Parents' reports of barriers to care for pediatric otolaryngology patients.  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.  Nov, 2019.  PMID 31398590  Dr. Levi Stevens
  • Outcomes of unilateral idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: Two decades of experience.  Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol.  Nov, 2019.  PMID 31890890  Dr. Norman Orabi
  • Effect of intra-op morphine on children with OSA undergoing tonsillectomy.  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. October, 2019.  PMID:31306896  Dr. Dan O’Brien
  • Parents' attitudes toward post-operative narcotic use in pediatric patients.  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.  Sept, 2019.  PMID 31202034  Dr. Levi Stevens
  • Experience with key indicator cases among otolaryngology residents.  Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol.  Jul, 2019.  PMID 31453346  Dr. Daniel O’Brien



  • Postoperative Bleeding Associated with Ibuprofen Use after Tonsillectomy: A Meta-Analysis. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  June, 2019  PMID:31159669.  Dr. William Stokes
  • Can Symptoms Differentiate Between Chronic Adenoiditis and Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Pediatric Patients. Ear Nose Throat J.  June, 2019  PMID:30939913.  Dr. Phillip Purnell
  • Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Chemosensory Pathway Genes GNB3, TAS2R19, and TAS2R38 are Associated with Chronic Rhinosinusitis. Int Arch Allergy Immunol.  May, 2019  PMID:31137020.  Dr. Phillip Purnell, Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Long-Term Effectiveness of Balloon Catheter Sinuplasty in Pediatric Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis.  Ear Nose Throat J.  Apr-May, 2019  PMID:30943802.  Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Middle ear choristoma presenting as cholesteatoma with conductive hearing loss.  J Surg Case Rep.  April, 2019  PMID:31044067.  Dr. Phillip Purnell
  • Palatine Tonsil Stenting of the Airway as Determined by Drug-Induced Sleep Endoscopy.  Case Rep Otolaryngol.  December, 2018  PMID:3065204.  Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Case Report and Literature Review of a Pathologic Mandibular Fracture from Metastic Esophageal Adenocarcinoma.  Case Rep Otolaryngol.  December, 2018  PMID:30675409.  Dr. Dan O’Brien
  • An unusual case of persistent dysphagia.  Ear Nose Throat J.  December, 2018  PMID:30540886.  Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Outcomes of Primary Radiosurgery Treatment of Glomus Jugulare Tumors: Systematic Review With Meta-analysis.  Otol Neurotol. October, 2018  PMID:30124618  Dr. Scott Shapiro, Dr. Garrett Jones
  • Sleep study indices and early post-tonsillectomy outcomes.  Am J Otolaryngol.  Sept-Oct, 2018.  PMID:30017372.  Dr. Dr. Dan O’Brien
  • A Multicenter, Cross-Sectional Assessment of Otolaryngology Knowledge Among Primary Care Trainees.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  September, 2018.  PMID:29952655.  Dr. Daniel O’Brien
  • Bilateral spontaneous temporomandibular joint herniation: A case report and literature review.  Ear Nose Throat J.  September, 2018.  PMID:30273438.  Dr. Dan O’Brien
  • Adenoid size by drug induced sleep endoscopy compared to nasopharyngeal mirror exam.  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.  September, 2018.  PMID:30055744.  Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Using Clinical Indicators to Reduce Perianesthesia Recovery Time Following Outpatient Tonsillectomy.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  September, 2018.  PMID:29925253  Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • BAHA Skin Complications in the Pediatric Population: Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. August, 2018.  PMID:29920216  Dr. Scott Shapiro
  • Current Wellness Practices among Otolaryngology Residencies.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  Aug, 2018.  PMID 29920216  Dr. Daniel O’Brien
  • Publication: “Isolated Inferior Rectus Muscle Entrapment following Endoscopic Sinus Surgery”.  Case Rep Otolaryngol.  PMID:  30057842 July, 2018.  Dr. Scott Shapiro.
  • Lingual Thyroid Carcinoma: A Case Report and Review of Surgical Approaches in the Literature.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  July, 2018.  PMID:  29766739  Dr. William Stokes, Dr. Erik Interval
  • Intrabronchial Catheter Resuscitation for Respiratory and Cardio-Respiratory Arrest.  Shock.  Jul, 2018.  PMID 28915219.   Dr. Scott Shapiro



  • Infants are more likely than older children to have surgery for cervical infections.  Int J Otolaryngol.  May, 2018.  PMID: 29997652 Dr. Christopher Roberts
  • Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy Identification of Adenoid Regrowth in Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea.  Int J Otolaryngol.  Apr, 2018.  PMID 29853903  Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Remarkable Presentation: Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma Arising from Chronic Hyperthyroidism.  Case Rep Endocrinol.  Apr, 2018.  PMID 29805818  Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Tracheocutaneous Sinus following Tracheocutaneous Fistula Repair: Management Strategies in a Pediatric Patient.  Case Rep Otolaryngol.  February, 2018.  PMID 29670793. Dr. Adam Bender-Heine, Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Complete Malleus Removal for Cholesteatoma: A Multivariate Analysis of Ossiculoplasty Success and Residual Disease.  Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.  Jan, 2018.  PMID 29171281.   Dr. Scott Shapiro
  • How's Your Otology Training? A Survey of Recent Otolaryngology Residents.   Otol Neurotol.  Dec, 2017.  PMID 29140966.   Dr. Phillip Montague
  • Optimal Costal Cartilage Graft Selection According to Cartilage Shape: Anatomical Considerations for Rhinoplasty.  Facial Plast Surg.  Dec, 2017.  PMID 29195250  Dr. Adam Bender-Heine
  • Alternobaric vertigo and facial baroparesis caused by scuba diving and relieved by chewing pineapple:  a case report.  Undersea Hyperb Med.  Nov-Dec 2017.  PMID 29281198.  Dr. Adam Bender-Heine
  • Nodular Lymphocyte-Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma in Progressive Transformation of Germinal Centers.  Case Reports in Otolaryngology.  Nov, 2017.  PMID 29348956  Dr. Eric Bailey, Dr. Benjamin Addicks
  • Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy for Ludwig’s Angina: A Case Series.  Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open.  November 2017.  PMID 29263964.  Dr. Habib Zalzal
  • Cost-effectiveness of Gene Expression Classifier Testing of Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules Utilizing a Real Cohort Comparator.  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  October, 2017.  PMID 28828911.   Dr. Scott Shapiro
  • HIV-1 transgenic rats display mitochondrial abnormalities consistent with abnormal energy generation and distribution.   J Neurovirol.  October 2017.  PMID 26843384  Dr. Phillip Purnell
  • Publication:  “Randomized prospective evaluation of intraoperative intravenous acetaminophen in Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy”  Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  Published September 2017.  PMID 28873028.  Dr. Christopher Roberts
  • Volumes of Cochlear Nucleus Regions in Rodents.  Hear Res.  September 2017.  PMID 28045823   Dr. Shilpa Vishwanath


  • Metastatic Crohn disease: a review of dermatologic manifestations and treatment. Cutis.  June, 2017.  PMID 28686769.  Dr. Adam Bender-Heine
  • Variation of the mylohyoid: implications for Ludwig angina, cervical contouring, and digastric muscle transfer.   Surg Radiol Anat.  May, 2017.  PMID 28478605.  Dr. Adam Bender-Heine
  • Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck: A Case Series.  WV Medical Journal.  Mar/Apr, 2017. PMID 29373783  Dr. Benjamin Addicks
  • The retaining ligament of the anterior digastric muscle.  J Craniofac Surg.  March, 2017.  PMID 27585392.  Dr. Adam Bender-Heine
  • Differentiating Hyperostotic Temporal Bone Meningioma En Plaque and Fibrous Dysplasia on Computed Tomographic Imaging.   JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  March, 2017.  PMID 27585392.  Dr. Scott Shapiro
  • Environmental Tobacco Smoke: Public perception of risks of exposing children to second-and third-hand tobacco smoke.  J Pediatr Health Care.  Jan/Feb, 2017.  PMID 27692507.  Dr. Chris Roberts
  • Loss of Pink1 modulates synaptic mitochondrial bioenergetics in the rat striatum prior to motor symptoms: concomitant complex I respiratory defects and increased complex II – mediated respiration.   Proteomics Clin Appl.  December, 2016.  PMID 27568932.  Dr. Phillip Purnell
  • SWATH-MS proteome profiling data comparison of DJ-1, Parkin, and PINK1 knockout rat striatal mitochondria.  Data Brief.  September, 2016.  PMID 27761515. Dr. Phillip Purnell



  • Complications following inpatient extracapsular tonsillectomy in children 36 months and younger.  JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg .   Mar/Apr, 2016.  PM ID 26847141.  Dr. Johnathan Castano



  • Sinus and adenoid inflammation in children with chronic rhinosinusitis and asthma.  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol.  Feb, 2015.  PMID 25624129  Dr. Anthony Anfuso
  • Solitary fibrous tumor of the infratemporal fossa.  J Radiol Case Rep.  Dec, 2014.  PMID 25926911  Dr. Johnathan Castano
  • Structured inquiry-based learning: Drosophila GAL4 enhancer trap characterization in an undergraduate laboratory course.  PLos Biol.  Dec, 2014.  PMID 25549104  Dr. Scott Shapiro
  • Odynophagia, neck pain, and stiffness.  JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.  Aug, 2014.  PMID 245 Dr. Kristen Rhodes, Dr. Chadi Makary